High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! The Racovian Academy (contemporary Latin Gymnasium Bonarum Artium, modern Polish Akademia Rakowska) was a school of the Socinian Polish Brethren operating in Raków, Kielce County, Poland 1602-1638, and publisher of the Racovian Catechism in 1605. The arian settlement of Raków, Kielce County was founded in 1569 by Jan Sienie ski. The academy was found in 1602 by Jakub Sienie ski. The zenith of the academy were the years 1616-1630, when it was called "The Sarmathian Athens". At that time it numbered more than 1,000 students, including many foreigners. At this point it is estimated that one-in-ten or one-in-five Polish intellectuals were Arians. The end of the Academy in 1638 was occasioned by the pretext of the alleged destruction of a roadside cross, by several students of the Academy, while on tour accompanied by a teacher Paludiusa Solomon. Jakub Zadzik, bishop of Krakow, Sandomierz governor Jerzy Ossoli ski and the Papal Nuncio Honorato Visconti forced the closure of the Academy and the destruction of all buildings by sentence of the Sejm in April 1638.
High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! The Racovian Catechism (pol. Katechizm Rakowski) is a nontrinitarian statement of faith from the 16th century. When the views of Faustus Socinus became widely known, it became hard for him to stay in Italy. He was invited to Poland by a group of incipient nontrinitarians, and traveled to Transylvania in 1580 to aid another such group. In Poland, he found followers of Servetu and joined with them to form a nontrinitarian church known as the Minor Church of the Polish Brethren. The title Racovian comes from the publishers, the Racovian Academy of the Polish Brethren founded in Raków, Kielce County by Jakub Sienie ski in 1602. The catechism was published in 1605, and subsequently translated into other languages. These nontrinitarians later became known as Socinians. The Socinian Minor Church survived in Poland until 1639 when it was outlawed by the Polish Sejm in the Roman Catholic Counter-Reformation.