High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Valentinus Smalcius was a German Socinian writer and preacher, born in Gotha. He is known for his German translation of the Racovian Catechism, and a New Testament translation into Polish. A migrant to Poland, he became largely Polonised towards the end of his life. He was a preacher of the Polish Brethren at Raków, Kielce County. The origins of the Racovian Catechism are not quite clear. A traditional view is that Smalcius put it together, perhaps with collaborators, from literary remains of Faustus Socinus. Another is that it was developed by Smalcius and Hieronim Moskorzowski (Moscorovius) in 1605, others say Moskorzowski wrote it with Piotr Stoi ski (the younger) and Johannes Völkel, and Smalcius was the translator into German for publication in 1608. In any case the Catechism was constructed by disciples of Socinus, and Smalcius probably had a leading role.
High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! The Racovian Academy (contemporary Latin Gymnasium Bonarum Artium, modern Polish Akademia Rakowska) was a school of the Socinian Polish Brethren operating in Raków, Kielce County, Poland 1602-1638, and publisher of the Racovian Catechism in 1605. The arian settlement of Raków, Kielce County was founded in 1569 by Jan Sienie ski. The academy was found in 1602 by Jakub Sienie ski. The zenith of the academy were the years 1616-1630, when it was called "The Sarmathian Athens". At that time it numbered more than 1,000 students, including many foreigners. At this point it is estimated that one-in-ten or one-in-five Polish intellectuals were Arians. The end of the Academy in 1638 was occasioned by the pretext of the alleged destruction of a roadside cross, by several students of the Academy, while on tour accompanied by a teacher Paludiusa Solomon. Jakub Zadzik, bishop of Krakow, Sandomierz governor Jerzy Ossoli ski and the Papal Nuncio Honorato Visconti forced the closure of the Academy and the destruction of all buildings by sentence of the Sejm in April 1638.